For over ten years, Can Learn Christian Academy has successfully worked with children ages 5-14 who display systems of Auditory and/or Visual Processing Disorder, Vestibular (sense of balance) problems and Behavior issues such as Attachment Disorder. Students participate in daily Neuro-Body Connection (Neurological Reorganization) program which, in most cases, eliminate the learning and/or behaviors struggles.
* Poor attention span *Delayed reaction to sounds or instructions *Not following directions
* Poor balance * Frequently asks "what?" * Overly sensitive to loud or sudden sounds
* Difficulty in changing activities * Always speaking loudly * Poor speech and language abilities
* Not knowing where to look to find sounds or to listen * Not following directions in the order they were given
Preschool Visual Maturity evaluation:
Can the child...
- - clearly see words in his/her book? -- look at objects for an extended period of time?
-- change focus from objects near his face to those at a distance?
-- tell the distance between objects and himself?
-- coordinate the use of his two eye so that he received one image?
--coordinate the use of both eyes while reading a line in a book? -- make sense of what he/s sees?
-- see an image and remember what it is after it is removed?
-- remember the sequence of objects after they have been removed?
Accommodation problems: ability to shift the focus of the eyes to view objects at different distances.
-- Loses target at near point --Sometimes alternates us of eyes --double vision
--Over- or undershoots target with eyes --Gets headaches after doing close-up work
--Has trouble shifting from distance work (board) to close-up work (desk) -- Eye strain
--Has trouble relaxing the near vision after doing deskwork --blurring vision sometimes --Drowsiness
--Lack of concentration --Sometimes shifts to using only one eye at near point (deskwork or reading)
Fixation problems: Focusing on an object for a period of time
-- cannot keep focus on target -- Not getting classroom information --Eyes tear
--Short attention span --Appears fatigued --Losing the place in reading
-- Trouble in sports or other motor activities --Behavior problems
-- Constant shifting of the eyes from target to target
Biocular Focusing problems: using both eyes together
--Sees double -- Tilts head while looking at something
--Alternates eyes -- Assuming strange postures at the desk --Squints
--Skips words --Getting irritation in the eyes (particularly if only one is used)
-- Having problems in reading and/or writing --Repeating letters -- Tensing the body
--Forming crusts in the corners of the eyes --Feeling fatigued from trying to focus
--Avoiding tasks that cause trouble -- Covering one eye -- Learning the head over onto the desk to read or write
Visual Tracking problems: following left to right across a page
--Losing one's place --Reversing letters or words -- Omitting words
-- Skipping lines in reading or rereading lines -- Not fully comprehending material
--Moving head but not the eyes to read -- Crossed eyes or one eye that turns in- or out-ward
-- Reacting slowly --Having trouble tracking in sports -- Having a midline problem
-- Having trouble catching -- Performing below potential in class
--Placing drawing poorly on page
Strabismus problems: one or both eyes turn in toward the nose or outward away from the nose
--Headaches -- Blurring of vision in one eye -- Double vision
-- Blocking our one eye subconsciously -- Crossing one eye physically -- Unaligned eyes
-- one or both eyes turn in
Sensory System (Tactile)
-- dislikes tags in clothes -- avoids somersaults --hates being touched
--- hates their hair being combed, shampooed or cut --- hates touching things that are messy, wet, gooy etc
--- avoids sitting on rough surfaces --socks, or under ware feel uncomfortable ---dislikes contact sports ---responds to someone touching them with aggression --- prefers loose fitting clothes ---avoids standing in line ---prefers being alone ---meltdowns when made to get into swimming pool, etc ----aggressive ---- considered a troublemaker ---wiggle worm while sitting in chairs
Hypo (insensitive) to touch
---Can't identify body parts ---has poor spatial awareness --- lac,ks body schema ---lacks desire to participate ---has poor body image --- exhibits poor posture ---appears clumsy ---is unable to adjust body to the tasks it faces ---doesn't show refined movements ---seeks physical contact ---has poor motor planning --- has poor balance --- has poor gross motor skills ---has poor awareness of left & right --- shows poor motor skills
--has trouble using scissors ---has poor handwriting -- lacks ability to discern shapes, textures, and weights
--- late to toilet train ---older child bed wetter --unable to tell when he/s doesn't feel well --- overly compliant ---doesn't explore environment --- unaware of hunger or thirst ---unaware of pain ---unaware where bruises or cuts happen ---problems forming relationships and/or attachment
Each child who is diagnosed with RAD is different and has specific challenges and needs that are unique to them. Some behaviors of the diagnosis may apply to them, while others will not.
As you read through the symptom list do not discredit the disability or the diagnosis of the child because they don't have ALL of the symptoms listed. The list is just a starting point to narrow down which parts apply to the child and how to best meet his or her needs individually.
WHAT IS RAD?
The DSM IV defines Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) as:
- Having a markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness in most contexts.
- Due to a break in the trust cycle during the first years of life, the ability to form appropriate attachments is lost.
- They have no foundation of trust and compensate by overly controlling and manipulating behaviors. Because of this they struggle in everyday life situations.
- They don't form healthy attachments and often create chaos and contention in the home. There is very little research showing interventions that have a promising or positive impact.
The disorder itself is not well known and it's hard to find professionals that are educated and trained to be able to treat it. Parents often feel alone and without hope.